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Philosophy: The Basics
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The Socratic or Classical period of the Ancient era of philosophy denotes the Greek contemporaries and near contemporaries of the influential philosopher Socrates.

It includes the following major philosophers:

Socrates (464 - 399 B.C.) Greek
Plato (c. 428 - 348 B.C.) Greek
Diogenes of Sinope (c. 412 - 323 B.C.) Greek
Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C.) Greek

Socrates developed a system of critical reasoning in order to work out how to live properly and to tell the difference between right and wrong. He and his followers, Plato and Aristotle maintained an unwavering commitment to the truth, and between them they organized and systematized most of the problems of philosophy.

Important philosophical movements of the period include Cynicism, Hedonism, Platonism and Aristotelianism.



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