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The Modern period of philosophy generally correspondes to the 19th and 20th Century. More recent developments in the late 20th Century are sometimes referred to as the Contemporary period.

It includes the following major philosophers:

Bentham, Jeremy (1749 - 1832) English
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (1762 - 1814) German
Hegel, G.W.F. (1770 - 1831) German
Friedrich Schelling (1775 - 1854) German
Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788 - 1860) German
Comte, Auguste (1798 - 1857) French
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803 - 1882) American
Mill, John Stuart (1806 - 1873) English
Kierkegaard, Søren (1813 - 1855) Danish
Thoreau, Henry David (1817 - 1862) American
Marx, Karl (1818 - 1883) German
Peirce, Charles Sanders (1839 - 1914) American
James, William (1842 - 1910) American
Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844 - 1900) German
Frege, Gottlob (1848 - 1925) German
Dewey, John (1859 - 1952) American
Husserl, Edmund (1859 - 1938) German
Whitehead, Alfred North (1861 - 1947) English
Russell, Bertrand (1872 - 1970) English
Moore, George Edward (1873 - 1958) English
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1889 - 1951) Austrian
Heidegger, Martin (1889 - 1976) German
Ryle, Gilbert (1900 - 1976) English
Sartre, Jean-Paul (1905 - 1980) French
Quine, Willard Van Orman (1908 - 2000) American
Ayer, Alfred (1910 - 1989) English
Foucault, Michel (1926 - 1984) French
Derrida, Jacques (1930 - 2004) French

Along with significant scientific and political revolutions, the Modern period exploded in a flurry of new philosophical movements. In addition to further developements in Age of Enlightenment movements such as German Idealism, Kantianism and Romanticism, the Modern period saw the rise of Continental Philosophy, Hegelianism, Transcendentalism, Existentialism, Marxism, Modernism, Positivism, Utilitarianism, Pragmatism, Analytic Philosophy, Logical Positivism, Ordinary Language Philosophy, Logicism, Phenomenology, and the more contemporary Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, Post-Modernism and Deconstructionism, among others.


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